Tichodroma 31 (2019)

Original papers

Short communications

Others Abstracts and full-texts

K hniezdnemu výskytu kôrovníka krátkoprstého (Certhia brachydactyla) v lesoch západnej časti Cerovej vrchoviny (južné Slovensko)
On breeding occurence of Short-toed Treecreeper (Certhia brachydactyla) in forests of the western part of the Cerová vrchovina Mts. (S Slovakia)

Marian MOJŽIŠ & Benjamín JARČUŠKA

Školská 211, 98531 Mučín, Slovensko; e-mail: m.mojzis76@gmail.com
Ústav ekológie lesa SAV, Ľ. Štúra 2, 960 53 Zvolen, Slovensko

Abstract. Mapping of breeding territories of Short-toed Treecreeper (Certhia brachydactyla) took place in the forests of the western part of Cerová vrchovina in 2017. Of the total area (61 km²), forests account for 36.6 km². The species has only been registered in oak forests and mixed deciduous forests with oaks aged 60 years and older. Those stands covered 32% (11.54 km²) of the total forest area in the study area. In total, 47 Short-toed Treecreeper territories were found. Breeding density was 1.28 p./100 ha of the total forest area. The local density varied between 0.5–4.2 p./10 ha, on average 1.4 p./10 ha. The local breeding density of species breeding territories was positively associated with stand age (R2 = 0.19, P = 0.003). Sympatric occurrence with Eurasian Treecreeper (C. familiaris) was also mapped at breeding sites occupied by Short-toed Treecreeper. The breeding territories of the Short-toed Treecreeper overlapped with the breeding areas of the Eurasian Treecreeper at 30 sites (in which 31 Eurasian Treecreeper territories have been registered), i.e. in 66.7% of the sites occupied by Short-toed Treecreeper. Eurasian Treecreeper is more numerous in the woods of the study area than Short-toed Treecreeper.

Key words: breeding density, habitat, oak forest, Short-toed Treecreeper, Eurasian Treecreeper, Slovakia

The state of Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus) in Armenia

Stav supa bělohlavého (Gyps fulvus) v Arménii


BirdLinks Armenia NGO, 87b Dimitrov, apt 14, AM-0020 Yerevan, Armenia;
e-mail: karen.aghababyan@gmail.com

Abstract: The last update of conservation status of Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus) in Armenia was
implemented in 2009, including data collected in 2003–2008. The current update of conservation status of the
species in the country considers data collected from 2003 until 2019. Results show that the species population
consists of 48–54 breeding pairs. Such trend demonstrates moderate increase of population. The annual breeding
success measured as fledglings per occupied nest was also increased from 71% in 2003 to 79% in 2019. Current
threats are related to direct tracing down for trophy or to domesticate as pet. One of possible paths of domestication
can be related to catching of the birds, which have been poisoned by heavy metals at municipal dumps or by use of
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The proposed conservation measures include (1) change in trophy policy
and captive breeding, particularly meaning listing down all existing specimens and introduction of obligatory
procedure of issuing a certificate of origin for each new specimen; (2) stricter penalization for illegal shooting
or trapping; (3) strengthening of inspection body to improve control; (4) improving public outreach aimed at
raising the value of this species; (5) study of application of Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in livestock husbandry; (6) improving waste management. These measures should be accompanied by species’ monitoring.

Key words: Griffon Vulture, Gyps fulvus, Armenia, conservation status, population dynamics, threats

Prvé hniezdenie labute spevavej (Cygnus cygnus) na Slovensku
First breeding of the Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus) in Slovakia


Slovenská ornitologická spoločnosť/BirdLife Slovensko, Zelinárska 4, 821 08 Bratislava; e-mail: m.mojzis76@gmail.com

Abstract. The first breeding of the Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus) in Slovakia was documented in 2019 on the water reservoir Glabušovce (southern Slovakia). The nest was located in the cattail (Typha sp.) Minimum four eggs were laid and two chicks hatched. This breeding in Ipeľ river catchment may be the result of the increase of European population as well the species bred in the neighbouring Ipoly – Völgye Special protection area, where this species start to breed in 2005 and already two pairs bred in 2018.

Key words: Whooper Swan, Cygnus cygnus, first breeding, Slovakia

Prvé dokumentované hniezdenie  trasochvosta žltého severského (Motacilla flava thunbergi) na Slovensku
First documented breeding of the Western Yellow Wagtail (Motacilla flava thunbergi) in Slovakia


Sherrera 36, SK-921 01 Piešťany, Slovensko; e-mail: jan.koci@centrum.sk

Abstract. First documented and successful breeding of the Western Yellow Wagtail (Motacilla flava thunbergi) was documented in an abandoned field near Piešťany in western Slovakia in June–July 2016. Altogether four nestlings fledged on July 5, 2016. Breeding and all the observations of Motacilla flava in the study area are described.

Key words: Western Yellow Wagtail, distribution, breeding, Slovakia

Prvé hniezdenie haje červenej (Milvus milvus) v Ipeľskej pahorkatine (južné Slovensko)
The first breeding of the Red Kite (Milvus milvus) in the Ipeľská pahorkatina Hills (S Slovakia)


Horská 1314/42, 95806 Partizánske, Slovensko; e-mail: snirer@pobox.sk
Štátna ochrana prírody SR, Správa Chránenej krajinnej oblasti Ponitrie, Samova 3, 949 01 Nitra, Slovensko
Strojárenská 198, 95801 Partizánske, Slovensko
935 85 Demandice č. 44, Slovensko

Abstract. A pair of Red Kite (Milvus milvus) bred successfully in the Ipeľ Hills (Ipeľská pahorkatina), Southern
Slovakia in 2019. One young fledged, two eggs remained unhatched in the nest. Two Red Kites were observed in this
area already in breeding season 2018. It is the first confirmed breeding of Red Kites in this part of western Slovakia.

Key words: Red Kite, breeding, ecology, Slovakia

Prvé dokázané hniezdenie husi divej (Anser anser) na Levických rybníkoch (juhozápadné Slovensko)
The first documented breeding of Greylag Goose (Anser anser) on the fishponds near Levice (SW Slovakia)


1 Starohutská 16, 968 01 Nová Baňa, Slovensko; e-mail: tereziajauschova@gmail.com
2 Katedra zoológie, PRIF UK, Ilkovičova 6, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava, Slovensko
3 Ústav ekológie lesa SAV, Ľ. Štúra 2, 960 53 Zvolen, Slovensko

Abstract. Recently, the breeding sites of Greylag Goose have been increasing in number both within Europe and in Slovakia. Due to positive population and distribution trend, Greylag Goose started breeding for the first time also in the Protected area Levické rybníky – The fish ponds near Levice, southwestern Slovakia, Central Europe. The first breeding of this species in the area was recorded on May 3, 2017 when a female with three goslings was observed. These geese were repeatedly observed on July 7 and July 8, 2017. Three adults of Greylag Goose were recorded on April 16, 2018, and breeding was proved by observation of three goslings in July 2018. Further breeding record was made on April 13, and assessed more precisely on April 14, 2019 when two breeding pairs of Greylag Goose with three and four chicks were noticed. Goslings were seen for the last time on April 21, 2019 and, possibly, predated. Another three pairs without chicks were also observed over the breeding season of 2019. Greylag Goose repeatedly bred on the same pond with well-developed littoral vegetation.

Key words: Greylag Goose, first breeding, fishponds near Levice, Central Europe

Výskyt melanickej sýkorky veľkej (Parus major) na Slovensku
A record of a melanistic Great Tit (Parus major) from Slovakia


Ústav zoológie Slovenskej akadémie vied, Dúbravská cesta 9, 84506 Bratislava, Slovensko, e-mail: alzbeta.darolova@savba.sk

Abstract. Melanism in animals is the most frequent anomalous coloration and it is caused by melanins, influenced by different genes. The number of records of melanistic individuals in birds has been increasing in the last decades. One melanistic individual of Great Tit (Parus major) was recorded at a feeding site in Bratislava, Western Slovakia on November 11 and December 14, 2019. The head of this individual was black without the contrastingly white patches on cheeks and ear-coverts characteristic of the species, whereas it only showed small paler patches in the area of ears. Black ventral stripe was broader than usual. The rest of the body did not show any other color aberrations. Mechanisms driving melanism and examples of melanism in birds are discussed.

Key words: Parus major, melanism, black head

Prehľad krúžkovania vtákov na Slovensku za rok 2018

Bird-ringing results in Slovakia in 2018

Michal JENČO & Matej REPEL

Slovenská ornitologická spoločnosť/BirdLife Slovensko, Krúžkovacia centrála, Námestie osloboditeľov 1, 071
01 Michalovce, Slovensko; e-mail: kruzkysk@gmail.com

Abstract. In 2018, 84 ringers ringed altogether 58,542 birds, of them 5,381 were nestlings. That number was 4.07%
(2,291) higher compare to 2017. The ringed birds belonged to 149 species. The most numerous ringed species
were Great Tit (Parus major, 7,084 individuals), Blackcap (Sylvia atricapilla, 6,976 ind.), Barn Swallow (Hirundo
rustica, 5,913 ind.), European robin (Erithacus rubecula, 3,920 ind.), Blue Tit (Cyanistes caeruleus, 3,899 ind.). The
colour ringed schemes in Slovakia are given. Alltogether 523 abroad recoveries were registered, out of them were
191 individuals re-trapped in Slovakia and ringed abroad, 332 idividuals ringed in Slovakia re-trapped abroad.

Key words: bird ringing, recoveries, colour ringing schemes

19. správa Faunistickej komisie Slovenskej ornitologickej spoločnosti/BirdLife Slovensko
The 19th report of the Rarities Committee of the Slovak Ornithological Society/BirdLife Slovakia

Richard KVETKO 1, Marian MOJŽIŠ 2, Stanislav HARVANČÍK 3, Dušan KARASKA 4, Milan OLEKŠÁK 5, Vladimír ŠRANK 6 & Rudolf JUREČEK 7

1 SNP 14, 903 01 Senec, Slovensko; e-mail: richard.kvetko@centrum.sk
2 Školská 211/22, 985 31 Mučín, Slovensko
3 Pod Šípkom 1153 /1, 958 06 Partizánske, Slovensko
4 02741 Oravský Podzámok 261, Slovensko
5 Správa NP Slovenský kras, Hámosiho 188, 049 51 Brzotín, Slovensko
6 Ul. SNP 19/3, 972 01 Bojnice, Slovensko
7 Správa CHKO Záhorie, Vajanského 11, 901 01 Malacky, Slovensko

Abstract: In 2018, the Rarities Committee of the Slovak Ornithological Society/BirdLife Slovakia reviewed 54 records, of which 35 were accepted in the category A, three in category C, nine in category D, one in category E. Furthermore five breeding records were accepted and one record was rejected. One record of Alpine Swift (Tachymarptis melba), six records of Rosy Starling (Pastor roseus), one record of Lesser White-fronted Goose (Anser erythropus), one record of Snow Goose (Anser caerulescens), two records of Bearded Vulture (Gypaetus barbatus), one record of Common Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus collybita tristis type) and one record of Yellow-browed Warbler (Phylloscopus inornatus) were the most interesting records in 2018. Rarities Committee accepted also some other valuable observations from the years 2016 and 2017. For example one record of Barnacle Goose (Branta leucopsis), three records of Red-breasted Goose (Branta ruficollis), three records of Egyptian Goose (Alopochen aegyptiaca), seven records of Ruddy Shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea), four breeding records of Common Merganser (Mergus merganser), one breeding record of Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca), three records of Horned Grebe (Podiceps auritus), one record of Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis), two records of Pallid Harrier (Circus macrourus), several records of Eurasian Dotterel (Charadrius morinellus), two records of Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus), two records of European Herring Gull (Larus argentatus), two records of Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus intermedius/heuglini), one record of European Roller (Coracias garrulus), one record of Citrine wagtail (Motacilla citreola), one record of Greenish Warbler (Phylloscopus trochiloides) and one record of Lapland Longspur (Calcarius lapponicus).

Key words: birds, rarities committee, rarities report, Slovakia

Rác P. (ed.): Ornithological observations

Samaš P.: Review: Trnka A.: Do not blame the cuckoo...

Korňan M.: The most important European meeting of ornithologists: 12th conference of European Ornithologists’ Union

Chronicle – Ervín Hrtan (*1949 – †2019)

Uhrin M., Tuček P. & Jarčuška B.: Tichodroma 21–30: Overview of papers, indexes of authors and bird species


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